The main goal of the Bologna Process is to create a European Higher Education Area. There are three main priorities: The introduction of a three cycle system (bachelor, master, doctorate), quality assurance as well as recognition of qualifications and periods of study. One step towards these priorities was the introduction of the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) leading to a considerable simplification for the higher education mobility.
In the year of its ratification in 1999, 29 countries signed the Bologna declaration. Within the last 10 years, this number has grown to 46 participating countries. All universities located in those 46 participating countries can promote themselves in the WISHES mobility portal free of charge. (see: Bologna Secretariat)
“Erasmus Mundus is a worldwide cooperation and mobility programme that aims to enhance quality in higher education and promote intercultural understanding”. It offers financial support for institutions and scholarships for individuals. In detail, funding is available for:
- Action 1 - European joint masters and doctoral programmes
- Action 2 - Partnerships with non-European higher education institutions and scholarships for mobility of students and academics
- Action 3 - Projects to promote European higher education worldwide